英语动词过去式和过去分词表

规则和不规则动词的过去式和过去分词

英语语法中动词的过去式和过去分词分为规则变化和不规则变化。动词的过去式主要用在一般过去式中,过去分词用在现在完成时、过去完成时、被动语态等。

规则动词过去式和过去分词

规则动词过去式和过去分词一般是词尾加ed构成,如:

help; helped; helped。

work; worked; worked……

词尾不发音的e,则直接加d,如:

like; liked; liked。

live; lived; lived……

词尾以辅音字符加y,则变y为i再加ed,如:

study; studied; studied。

try; tried; tried……

重读闭音节结尾,且词尾只有一个辅音字母,则双写这个辅音字母再加ed,如:

stop; stopped; stopped。

plan; planned; planned……

发音规则:

1、在清辅音后发/t/。

2、在元音或浊辅音后发/d/。

3、在辅音/t/、/d/后发/ɪd/。

不规则动词过去式和过去分词表(含中文)

原形过去式过去分词
arise 出现,发生arosearisen
awake 醒awokeawoken
be 是was/werebeen
bear 忍受boreborne
beat 击败beatbeaten
become 成为becamebecome
befall 降临,发生befellbefallen
begin 开始beganbegun
behold 看,注视beheldbeheld
bend 使弯曲bentbent
bet 打赌bet/bettedbet/betted
bid 投标,出价bidbid
bind 绑,约束boundbound
bite 咬bitbitten
bleed 流血bledbled
blow 吹blewblown
break 打破,打断brokebroken
breed 繁殖,饲养bredbred
bring 带来,促使broughtbrought
broadcast 播放broadcastbroadcast
browbeat 吓唬,恫吓browbeatbrowbeat
build 建立,建筑builtbuilt
burn 燃烧,烧毁burnt/burnedburnt/burned
burst 爆发burstburst
bust 破产,爆裂bust/bustedbust/busted
buy 买boughtbought
cast 投,抛castcast
catch 抓住,赶上caughtcaught
choose 选择chosechosen
cling 坚持clungclung
come 来camecome
cost 花费costcost
creep 爬行creptcrept
cut 切cutcut
deal 处理dealtdealt
dig 挖掘dugdug
dive 跳水dovedived
do 做diddone
draw 画,拉drewdrawn
dream 梦想dreamt/dreameddreamt/dreamed
drink 喝,饮drankdrunk
drive 驾驶drovedriven
dwell 居住dwelt/dwelleddwelt/dwelled
eat 吃ateeaten
fall 落下fellfallen
feed 喂养fedfed
feel 感觉feltfelt
fight 打架foughtfought
find 发现,认为foundfound
fit 适应fitfit
flee 逃跑fledfled
fling 掷,抛flungflung
fly 飞flewflown
forbid 禁止forbadeforbidden
forecast 预报forecastforecast
forego 放弃,居先forewentforegone
foresee 预见,预知foresawforeseen
foretell 预言foretoldforetold
forget 忘记forgotforgotten
forgive 原谅forgaveforgiven
forsake 放弃forsookforsaken
freeze 冻结frozefrozen
get 得到gotgotted/got
give 给gavegiven
go 去wentgone
grind 磨碎,折磨groundground
grow 生长,发展grewgrown
hang 挂hunghung
have 有hadhad
hear 听heardheard
hide 隐藏hidhidden
hit 打,打击hithit
hold 持有heldheld
hurt 使受作hurthurt
input 输入inputinput
inset 嵌入insetinset
interbreed 杂交interbredinterbred
interweave 交织interwoveinterwoven
keep 保持keptkept
kneel 跪knelt/kneeledknelt/kneeled
knit 编织knit/knittedknit/knitted
know 知道knewknown
lay 躺下laidlaid
lead 领导,指挥ledled
lean 倾斜,依靠leant/leanedleant/leaned
leap 跳leapt/leapedleapt/leaped
learn 学习learnt/learnedlearnt/learned
leave 留下leftleft
lend 贷款,借给lentlent
let 让letlet
lie 说谎,躺laylain
light 照亮,点燃lit/lightedlit/lighted
lose 失败lostlost
make 制作mademade
mean 意味,想要meantmeant
meet 相遇metmet
mishear 听错misheardmisheard
mislay 放错,遗失mislaidmislaid
mislead 误导misledmisled
misread 误解misreadmisread
misspell 拼错misspelt/misspelledmispelt/misspelled
mistake 弄错mistookmistaken
misunderstand 误解misunderstoodmisunderstood
mow 割草,收割mowedmowed/mow
outbid 胜过outbidoutbid
outdo 超过outdidoutdone
outgrow 超出outgrewoutgrown
outrun 超过outranoutrun
outsell 卖出outsoldoutsold
overcast 遮蔽overcastovercast
overcome 克服overcameovercome
overdo 做过份overdidoverdone
overdraw 透支,夸张overdrewoverdrawn
overeat 吃得过多overateovereaten
overhang 悬垂overhungoverhung
overhear 偷听overheardoverheard
overlay 镀overlaidoverlaid
overlie 覆盖overlayoverlain
overpay 多付overpaidoverpaid
override 推翻,不顺overrodeoverridden
overrun 泛滥overranoverrun
oversee 监督,审查oversawoverseen
oversell 卖空oversoldoversold
overshoot 打过头overshotovershot
oversleep 睡过头oversleptoverslept
overtake 超车overtookovertaken
overthrow 打倒overthrewoverthrown
partake 分担partookpartaken
pay 付款paidpaid
plead 恳求pled/pleadedpled/pleaded
pre-set 预置pre-setpre-set
proofread 校对proofreadproofread
prove 证明provedproven/proved
put 放putput
quit 离开quitquit
read 读readread
rebind 重捆reboundrebound
rebuild 重建rebuiltrebuilt
recast 重铸recastrecast
redo 重做redidredone
re-lay 再安置re-laidre-laid
remake 再制remaderemade
repay 偿还repaidrepaid
rerun 再运行reranrerun
resell 转卖resoldresold
reset 重置resetreset
rethink 再想rethoughtrethought
rewind 倒回rewoundrewound
rewrite 重写rewroterewritten
rid 使摆脱ridrid
ride 骑马,乘车roderidden
ring 按铃rangrung
rise 上升roserisen
run 跑ranrun
say 说saidsaid
see 看sawseen
seek 寻找soughtsought
sell 卖soldsold
send 发送sentsent
set 放setset
sew 缝合sewedsewn/sewed
shake 摇动shookshaken
shear 剪shearedshorn/sheared
shed 流出shedshed
shine 照耀shined/shoneshined/shone
shit 欺骗,拉屎shit/shatshit/shat
shoot 射击shotshot
show 显示showedshown/showed
shrink 收缩shrank/shrunkshrunk
shut 关闭shutshut
sing 唱sangsung
sit 坐satsat
slay 杀害slewslain
sleep 睡觉sleptslept
slide 滑落slidslid
sling 吊起slungslung
slit 撕裂slitslit
smell 闻smelt/smelledsmelt/smelled
speak 说spokespoken
speed 加速sped/speededsped/speeded
spell 拼spelt/spelledspelt/spelled
spin 旋转,吐丝spunspun
spend 花钱spentspent
spit 吐spit/spatspit/spat
spoil 掠夺spoilt/spoiledspoilt/spoiled
spread 传播,伸展spreadspread
spring 生长sprang/sprungsprung
stand 站stoodstood
steal 偷stolestolen
stick 坚持stuckstuck
sting 刺stungstung
stink 臭stank/stunkstunk
strew 散播strewedstrewn/strewed
stride 跨strodestridden
strive 努力strovestriven
strike 罢工struckstricken
string 扎,缚strungstrung
swear 发誓sworesworn
sweep 打扫sweptswept
swell 膨胀swelledswellen/swelled
swim 游泳swungswung
take 拿tooktaken
teach 教taughttaught
tear 撕掉,流泪toretorn
tell 说toldtold
think 想thoughtthought
throw 投threwthrown
thrust 插thrustthrust
thread 踏trodtrodden/trod
unbind 解开unboundunbound
underlie 底层underlayunderlain
understand 理解understoodunderstood
undertake 承担undertookundertaken
underwrite 承诺支付underwroteunderwritten
undo 撤消undidundone
unwind 放松unwoundunwound
uphold 支撑upheldupheld
upset 使心烦upsetupset
wake 唤醒woke/wakedwoken/waked
wear 穿woreworn
weave 编织wovewoven
wed 结婚wed/weddedwed/wedded
weep 哭泣weptwept
wet 弄湿wet/wettedwet/wetted
win 赢wonwon
wind 缠绕woundwound
withdraw 离开withdrewwithdrawn
wring 拧wrungwrung
write 写wrotewritten